Metaphysics and Christianity

The first heretics among Christian thinkers were influenced by Neo-Platonism. Generally, they took on Gnostic beliefs that state the test of Christian truth is not the official teaching of the Church or the doctrine of the gospels, but a secret gnosis, a doctrine that is given by Christ to the chosen few. This body of doctrine was essentially a modified Neo-Platonism. Its main point was the idea that evil not a creation of God but the work of the devil. The problem of evil began to fill a large part of philosophical systems of orthodox Christian thinkers all the way to St. Augustine. Other issues also got a lot of attention, such as the question of the origin of the universe. Along with the theological debates about the mysteries of the Trinity and the Incarnation, came debates about the meaning of nature, substance, and person. From these discussions came Christian Neo-Platonism of the Alexandrian School that included Clement and Origen, and the later ideas of Christian Platonism described by St. Augustine. The philosophy of St. Augustine exemplifies he most important effort of the Christian mind during the patristic Era. It is a philosophy that is based around problems and their relationship to God and the aspects and destiny of the human soul.

The main points of his philosophy were associated with the existence of evil, and how evil could exist in a world that is created by God. He rejects the Manichean theory that evil has an origin apart from God and states that from the nature of evil it does not demand a direct act on the part of God, but only an act of God allowing evil.

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23 Responses to “Metaphysics and Christianity”

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  7. I just finished reading a thread “Atheists rally to stop day of prayer in America” and it made me think that perhaps Christians should rally to stop the day of prayer in America. Growing up I supposed that anything religious ought to bring us closer to the one true God who revealled Himself in the Bible, and in my own heart through the life offered me in Jesus Christ.

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  11. admin says:

    Growing up I also thought that there was one true God as defined by my protestant upbringing. Many in my family were Catholics and their ideas of the one true God were so different especially as to how to worship and resound to him. I even had problems with the Bible being the being the only truth. As I have grown and learned, I feel that I have come to a better understanding of the Bible as a teacher and guide and that the men who were guided in writing their books and then the group that put them together into the cohesive offering we read, were of an era that used allegories and stories to make their point. As I learned more of the definitions and allegorical meanings of these books, I have actually become more of a Christian and believer in a one true God, no matter what he is called.

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